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2019 Constitutional challenge to decree modifying Montaña de Botaderos National Park

On 25 February 2019, members of Municipal Committee in Defence of Common and Public Goods (CMDBCP) and the San Alonso Rodríguez Foundation, and accompanied by the Coalition Against Impunity, filed a constitutional challenge or judicial review (recurso de inconstitucionalidad) of Decree 252-2013 which had reduced the dimensions of the Core Zones of Montaña de Botaderos National Park to allow the mining project. The petition sought to evidence the illegality of the reform and its consequences which undermined the original protections of the 2012 decree to establish the national park.

On 9 April 2019, the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court refused to admit the petition on the grounds that the plaintiffs had not proven that the mining operation in the national park had violated their rights.

On 25 April 2019, 264 members of the CMDBCP joined in a new constitutional challenge petition. However, on 4 June 2019 the Supreme Court once again rejected the challenge on the grounds that the plaintiffs had not proven their right to a healthy environment had been violated by the change in the designation of the Core Zone of the National Park and the establishment of the mining operation.

Type of Action / Tipo de Acción:
Constitutional Proceedings
Legal Description / Descripción Legal:
Constitutional challenge to decree 252-2013 which modified the core and buffer zones of the Montaña de Botaderos National Park.
Extractive Project / Proyecto extractivo:
Region / Región:
Central America
Country / País:
Natural Resource / Recurso natural:
Iron oxide
Jurisdiction / Jurisdicción:
Honduran System
Category of Key Actors in Legal Action / Categoría de actores claves en la Acción Legal:
Civil Society Organizations, Grassroots Movements, State Institutions
Human Rights Violated/Claimed:
Right to water, Right to a healthy environment, Right to due process
Key Legal Actors Involved / Actores jurídicos clave involucrados:
Municipal Committee for the Defence of Common and Public Goods (CMDBCP), San Alonso Rodríguez Foundation, La Coalición contra la impunidad Honduras, Honduran National Institute of Geology and Mining (INGEOMIN), Honduran Ministry of Energy, Natural Resources, Environment and Mines (MiAmbiente+), Municipal Corporation of Tocoa
References / Referencias:, “Interponen nuevo recurso de inconstitucionalidad contra decreto que dio vida a proyecto minero en Guapinol”, dated 24 April 2019, online:, accessed 26 January 2021

CAFOD,“Presentan recurso de inconstitucionalidad por entrega de los bienes naturales en el Aguan”, dated 24 February 2019, online:, accessed 11 March 2020

ACAFREMIN, “Guapinol Resiste: Orígenes del conflicto minero en el Bajo Aguán”, dated March 2020, online:, accessed 16 September 2020

Vlexhonduras, “Incostitucionalidad nº RI-171-19 de Corte Suprema de Justicia”, dated 24 May 2019, online:, accessed 26 January 2021